3 June 1943

3 June 1943


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3 June 1943

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Diplomacy

French Committee of National Liberation formed in an attempt to reconcile de Gaulle and Giraud

China

Japanese troops capture some shipping on the upper Yangtze then are forced to withdraw



June 3, 1951

It was the 22nd Sunday of 1951. If you were born on this date your birthday numbers 6, 3 and 1951 reveal that your life path number is 7. Your zodiac sign is Gemini with a ruling planet Mercury , your birthstone is the Pearl, Moonstone and Alexandrite , and your birth flower is the Rose . You are 70 years old, and were born in 1950s, in the middle of Baby Boomers Generation. The generation you are born into makes an impact on your life. Swipe up to find out what it all means.

→ June 3, 1951 was a Sunday
→ Zodiac sign for this date is Gemini
→ This date was 25,586 days ago
→ 1951 was the Year of the Rabbit
→ In 2022, June 3 is on Saturday

View cool June 3, 1951 birthday facts that no one tells you about, such as your life path number, birthstone, ruling planet, zodiac sign and birth flower.

People born on this day will turn 71 in exactly .

If you were born on this date:

You have been alive for . You were born in the Year of the Rabbit. Your birth sign is Gemini with a ruling planet Mercury. There were precisely 867 full moons after you were born up to this day. Your billionth second was on was on February 9, 1983.

→ You’ve slept 8,529 days or 23.37 years.
→ Your next birthday is away
→ You’ve been alive
→ You were born in the Year of the Rabbit
→ You have been alive 614,076 hours
→ You are 36,844,574 minutes old
→ Age on next birthday: 71 years old


Japanese and American Forces Opposed in Alaska, 1942

Following the attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941, the Imperial Japanese Navy's Combined Fleet dominated the Pacific. Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto intended to "invade and occupy strategic points in the Western Aleutians" as well as Midway Island (west of Hawaii) as anchors for a defensive perimeter in the north and central Pacific. Admiral Yamamoto hoped the island attacks would draw the U.S. Navy under Admiral Chester Nimitz into an open sea battle, where the Japanese would destroy the remnants of American naval power left after Pearl Harbor, leaving the Pacific to the Japanese.

As of 1 June 1942, American military strength in Alaska stood at 45,000 men, with about 13,000 at Cold Bay (Fort Randall) on the tip of the Alaskan Peninsula and at two Aleutian bases: the naval facility at Dutch Harbor on Unalaska Island, 200 miles west of Cold Bay, and a recently built Army air base (Fort Glenn) 70 miles west of the naval station on Umnak Island. Army strength, less air force personnel, at those three bases totaled no more than 2,300, composed mainly of infantry, field and antiaircraft artillery troops, and a large construction engineer contingent, which had been rushed to the construction of bases. The U.S. Army Air Corps' Eleventh Air Force consisted of 10 heavy and 34 medium bombers and 95 fighters, divided between its main base, Elmendorf Airfield, in Anchorage, and the airfields at Cold Bay and on Umnak.


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Alternate History An Asteroid Crash-Lands into London on June 3, 1943

On June 3, 1943, and asteroid crashes into London with the force of 25 megatons of TNT.

With the government of the United Kingdom presumably decapitated, andone of the largest cities of Europe being destroyed, how does this effect the Second World War and beyond? Will this significantly prolong the Second World War? How long until the British colonies begin fracturing? What is the reaction in Moscow, Washington DC and Berlin? How much of a humanitarian crisis will this cause? How does this affect British culture going forward? Who the hell is even in charge of the United Kingdom after this?

NAVY SEALS

Enforcer of the Sentai

Warrior of Light

Veiovis

Sports Max

NAVY SEALS

Enforcer of the Sentai

Firepants

You sir , need to do a little research before asserting such a shaky position twice.

Even with the bare minimum of wiki research, which you seem well able to do, you should be able to find this :

Tsar Bomba - 50 MT thermonuclear bomb. As you can probably see, was detonated in 1961 was nothing close to 'continent killing' as you assert.


As for the OP I think the the UK would surrender after a 25MT explosion 'eliminates' London. With most of the UK government destroyed and decapitated, the initial confusion would create massive losses, and coupled with lack of effective leadership would end up in surrender.

Warrior of Light

IXJac

The man from Canada
Still Winston. He was jetting all over the world in 1943, and on 3 June he was in Algiers to discuss the impending invasion of Sicily.


Algiers, June 3, 1943, discussing Operation “Husky”, the invasion of Sicily. Left to right: Anthony Eden, General Sir Alan Brooke, Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder, Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham (behind Churchill), General Sir Harold Alexander, General George Marshall, General Dwight Eisenhower, and (far right) General Montgomery. (Imperial War Museum)

NAVY SEALS

Enforcer of the Sentai

You sir , need to do a little research before asserting such a shaky position twice.

Even with the bare minimum of wiki research, which you seem well able to do, you should be able to find this :

Tsar Bomba - 50 MT thermonuclear bomb. As you can probably see, was detonated in 1961 was nothing close to 'continent killing' as you assert.


As for the OP I think the the UK would surrender after a 25MT explosion 'eliminates' London. With most of the UK government destroyed and decapitated, the initial confusion would create massive losses, and coupled with lack of effective leadership would end up in surrender.

Wingren013

A fluid fluctuation of friendliness

Chimeric oncogene

25 megatons is not awe inspiringly large. We're looking at London a smoking ruin, yes, but its about the same size as the largest deployed cold war nuclear gravity bombs.

I'd estimate the asteroid to be in the tiny, million-tonne, hundred meter range. It could be smaller and have been travelling faster. It cannot have been much bigger, since any rock coming down the gravity well gains

10x its kinetic energy in TNT-equivalent.

Firepants

Would you at least DO SOME cursory research before repeating the same zombie-like assertion (3 times now even when presented with evidence to the contrary)?

Please compare the following :

(note that this is the first link on a google search)

Energy is Energy (whether it is a big asteroid at lower speed or a small asteroid at sufficient velocity)

You keep asserting that as if a 25 MT asteroid is some continent killing event.

It is not.

NAVY SEALS

Enforcer of the Sentai

Would you at least DO SOME cursory research before repeating the same zombie-like assertion (3 times now even when presented with evidence to the contrary)?

Please compare the following :


(note that this is the first link on a google search)

Energy is Energy (whether it is a big asteroid at lower speed or a small asteroid at sufficient velocity)

You keep asserting that as if a 25 MT asteroid is some continent killing event.

It is not.

Wingren013

A fluid fluctuation of friendliness

Firepants

Ok 'buddy', I'll jump into the mud for you - but only partially. Most of this stuff is basic high school level geology and science. I also will admit I am not articulate enough nor motivated enough to educate you from the basics. So I will just throw crap out there, and you can do the research if you have the motivation.

I call it a 25 MT asteroid impact. Which is what it is.

OP has not specified if its a Ferrous-core asteroid or more watery.
OP has not specified angle/velocity.
OP has not specified any special radioactivity(Iridium)

Dust and debris are 'blasted' into the atmosphere regularly by volcano's and other impacts (Torino Scale - Tunguska was 3-10MT)

I repeat : This is not some "continent killer"

Continuing the discussion in the spirit of the OP(which has clarified his position),


U.S. Births 1930-2007

Year Births
1930 2.2 million
1933 2.31 million
1935 2.15 million
1940 2.36 million
1941 2.5 million
1942 2.8 million
1943 2.9 million
1944 2.8 million
1945 2.8 million
1946 3.47 million
1947 3.9 million
1948 3.5 million
1949 3.56 million
1950 3.6 million
1951 3.75 million
1952 3.85 million
1953 3.9 million
1954 4 million
1955 4.1 million
1956 4.16 million
1957 4.3 million
1958 4.2 million
1959 4.25 million
1960 4.26 million
1961 4.3 million
1962 4.17 million
1963 4.1 million
1964 4 million
1965 3.76 million
1966 3.6 million
1967 3.5 million
1973 3.14 million
1980 3.6 million
1985 3.76 million
1990 4.16 million
1995 3.9 million
2000 4 million
2004 4.1 million
2007 4.317 million

The table below displays the total number of births for each year indicated from 1930 through 2007 in the United States. Notice the increase in births during the Baby Boom from 1946 to 1964. The source for this data are numerous editions of the Statistical Abstract of the United States.


This Day in Labor History: June 6, 1943

On June 6, 1943, nearly 30 leaders of the Packard Hate Strike in a United Auto Workers-organized plant in Detroit were suspended from their jobs. The culmination of a series of white supremacist wildcat strikes in the first half of 1943, the Packard Hate Strike shows both the tenuousness of the white working class’ commitment to their unions as well as the progressive leadership of the United Auto Workers in standing up to its own members in support of class solidarity regardless of race.

Labor was in flux during World War II, with great anger over rising prices without an increase in wages, workers who both wanted to use their newfound militancy to improve their lives while being patriotic workers at the same time, union leaders who had to walk a fine line between satisfying their militant workers and keeping them working while at the same time learn how to sit at the tables of power with those who hated everything unions stood for and government officials who despised the militant tactics that got them there.

This volatility was exacerbated by the migration of African-Americans to defense plants during the war. The Great Migration of African-Americans from the South began during World War I, but continued right on through World War II. African-Americans were looking to escape their own terrible labor and social conditions: sharecropping, exploitation, lynching. Between 1915 and 1970, approximately 6 million African-Americans left their homes in the South for the cities of the North and, increasingly, the West. They were looking for good industrial jobs in the factories. Sometimes, white factory owners would recruit them explicitly as a union-busting tool, either as scab labor or to create racial tensions that would preclude organization. Fights on the factory floor were part of doing business, unionization was not. White labor was migrating from the South as well. This was especially true from Appalachia, as people left the impoverished coal fields of Kentucky, West Virginia, and Tennessee for the same jobs African-Americans wanted. When African-Americans arrived in the cities, they did generally find more opportunities than at home, but faced all sorts of problems, including a horrible housing situation, which only got worse because the strict boundaries of segregated neighborhoods did not easily grow when more blacks moved in and thus overcrowding was a major issue.

All of this created an unstable stew of resentment in Detroit. The already existing white population in Detroit may not have had as defined and aggressive a sense of white identity as the southern whites, but they proved ready learners. As companies had done for decades, the auto manufactures intentionally promoted black labor in order to divide the union and the workers allowed their racial identity to trump their class identity. Or more specifically, racial and class identities were one in their belief of a white working class. Non-white labor was thus as great a threat as the worst boss or anti-labor legislation.

As blacks moved into the auto plants during the war, white labor revolted. Throughout early 1943, about a dozen wildcat (unauthorized) strikes broke out. At times, black workers walked off the job, sick of the discrimination they faced that extended into the shop stewards and other elected union leadership. The biggest white racial job action was at Packard. There, on June 3, 25,000 white workers went on strike when the company promoted three black workers. Packard did this not out a commitment to racial equality, but to destroy the union from within. Packard’s personnel director, C.E. Weiss, was a horrid racist who talked about his inability to promote blacks because they played dice on the job. Weiss also bragged about being the first executive to bring blacks north to bust unions, when he worked for Chrysler in 1917. Equally anti-union, Weiss decided to divide the UAW through promoting a few blacks. Racial division became a useful strategy in a post-NLRA world when overt union-busting was harder to pull off.

Whites walking off the job at Packard, June 3, 1943

Both UAW leadership and the federal government reacted very strongly to this racial walkout. UAW leadership, including Walter Reuther, were committed to racial equality on the job, but the feelings of high-ranking leadership don’t necessarily have much power over the vast and deeply held racism of the membership. The UAW ordered their members back to work the next day, but thousands remained on the racist picket line. The UAW blamed Packard for this and went to Washington for help ending it. The War Labor Board sent a telegram telling the workers to go back on the job to “resume production of vitally needed war material at once.” The government sent out the message that it would fire anyone who did not go back to work. The combined opposition of the government and the union, two institutions most of these workers believed in very strongly, ended the strike. Thirty of the strike ringleaders were suspended on June 6 and the strike ended the next day. The UAW had already created alliances with the NAACP and local black organizations. Their strong response in favor of black labor cemented that alliance, earning the union great respect within the black community and the national civil rights movement as a whole.

The Packard Hate Strike was just a foretaste of the racist feast to come that summer, when a mere two weeks later, the Detroit Race Riot of 1943 would break out, leading to 34 dead over three days after a fight, with all the white hatred over black incursions into their jobs and neighborhoods spilled over. It took federal troops to put this down. Japanese propagandists began to use the racism in Detroit to try and convince blacks to stop fighting.

Racial tension remained a major issue within the UAW for several decades after the war, something the union constantly tried to educate their workers on while not giving an inch on its overall program of graduated civil rights. The UAW would be the greatest union ally to Martin Luther King.

Much of the information about this strike came from August Meier and Elliott Rudwick’s 1979 book, Black Detroit and the Rise of the UAW.


3 June 1943 - History

In the early 1940’s, many people migrated to Northern cities from rural areas in the Deep South in search of manufacturing jobs in the growing wartime economy. The four-county area of Detroit, Michigan, received a disproportionally large number of defense contracts to produce goods for the military. Between 1940 and 1943, Detroit’s population increased by 200,000-300,000 people, 50,000 of whom were African American, which increased African Americans’ share of the city’s population to ten percent. Due to pressure from the Fair Employment Practices Commission and a high demand for labor, many factories in Detroit soon began employing African Americans.

During this period, Detroit’s Packard Motor Company, which manufactured airplane and marine engines, hired a number of recent migrants, including white Southerners as well as African Americans. There was speculation that members of the Ku Klux Klan held low- and high-level positions in the company. Packard’s personnel director openly expressed his own racial prejudice, insisting that white workers should not have to work with blacks. But under pressure from the government, three African American employees were promoted to the aircraft assembly line in June 1943.

On June 3, 1943, almost all of the facility’s 25,000 white workers went on strike in protest of the promotions, ceasing production. The company president appealed to the War Labor Board to assist with the strike and a representative from the War Department threatened to fire the striking workers. The strike lasted for three days and led to the suspension of thirty strike organizers before white workers began returning to work.

“The Equal Justice Initiative (EJI) is proud to present A History of Racial Injustice – 2018 Calendar. America’s history of racial inequality continues to undermine fair treatment, equal justice, and opportunity for many Americans. The genocide of Native people, the legacy of slavery and racial terror, and the legally supported abuse of racial minorities are not well understood. EJI believes that a deeper engagement with our nation’s history of racial injustice is important to addressing present-day questions of social justice and equality.


German Panzer IV – Workhorse of the Wehrmacht in Photos

The German Panzerkampfwagen IV medium tank, abbreviated PzKpfw IV, Pz. IV, or T-IV, was created by Friedrich Krupp AG. Production started in 1937 and continued until the very end of the Second World War. The Pz. IV became one of the most mass-produced Wehrmacht tanks, with 8,686 units built.

The Pz. IV was modified and improved nine times throughout its production, so it remained relevant in use throughout the war. Depending on the modification of the tank, the mass was from 18.4 to 25 tons.

Panzer IV Ausf. C, 1943.Photo Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-J08365 CC-BY-SA 3.0

The tank body consisted of forged steel, rolled armor with a hardened surface. The tank had three compartments separated by bulkheads: a control, a fighting, and a power compartment.

The thickness of the armor was, depending on the modification, from .4 to 3.15 inches. Starting in 1943, .2″ thick shields were also installed to help protect the sides and the back of the tower from anti-tank rifles and shells.

Panzer IV tank at Duxford.Photo Gregd1957 CC BY-SA 3.0

Pz.IV tanks were produced with the following weapons:

– Modifications A-F had KwK37 75-mm guns.
– Modification G had a KwK40 75-mm gun with a barrel length of 43 calibers.
– Modifications H-K had a KwK40 75-mm gun with a barrel length of 48 calibers.

A Panzer IV Ausf. E showing signs of weapon impacts on the turret and the edge of the gun barrel.Photo: Bundesarchiv, Bild 101I-783-0117-113 Dörner CC-BY-SA 3.0

The tanks were additionally equipped with two 7.92-mm MG-34 machine guns. They carried enough ammunition for 80-87 75-mm shots, as well as 2,700-3,150 cartridges for the machine guns.

The short-barreled Panzer IV Ausf. F1. Bundesarchiv, Bild 146-1979Anh.-001-10 CC-BY-SA 3.0

The Pz.IV was equipped with a V-shaped 12-cylinder four-stroke carburetor engine for liquid cooling, using engine models HL 108TR, HL 120TR, and HL 120TRM from Maybach. Depending on the model of the engine, the power was from 250 to 300 hp.

The maximum speed reached by the tank on highways was 25 mph. Their range was about 124 to nearly 200 miles, depending on road conditions and tank modifications. The crew consisted of 5 people.

The 300 horsepower Maybach HL 120TRM engine used in most Panzer IV production models.Photo: Stahlkocher CC BY-SA 3.0

Pz.IVs were used during the Anschluss of Austria, and later during the occupation of the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia.

Soviet tankman Grigory Panezhko, in his book Notes of a Soviet Officer (Записки советского офицера) recalls the first meeting with the German Panzer IV tank in June 1941: “We froze when we saw the ugly, monstrous tanks of bright yellow tiger color appearing from Sitno gardens. They slowly rolled in our direction, sparkling with tongues of shots.”

A Panzer IV Ausf. G in desert colours, bearing the palm tree insignia of the 15th Panzer Division of the Afrika Korps.Photo aku13 CC BY-SA 3.0

The Pz.IV was widely used in all theaters of military operations during World War II. For example, these tanks comprised about 60% of all German tanks involved in Operation Citadel. After the appearance of the Panther, it was planned to cease production of the Pz.IV, but thanks to General Guderian this did not happen.

Soldier during a Training on a Panzer IV.Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-J08352 CC-BY-SA 3.0

In addition, this tank was exported, and for a long time it was in service in Finland, France, Croatia, Bulgaria, Spain, and other countries.

PzKpfw IV Ausf J in Finnish Tank Museum, Parola.Photo Balcer CC BY 2.5

The Pz. IV was repeatedly used after the Second World War. It participated in the 1956 Suez conflict, the 1948-1949 Israel War of Independence, the 1967 Six-Day War, the Iran-Iraq War of 1980-1988, and several other conflicts.

‘PzKpfw IV J, captured from the Syrian Army in the Six Day War, in Yad la-Shiryon Museum, Israel. 2005.Photo Bukvoed CC BY 2.5

Panzer IV Ausf. C 1943.Photo Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-J08365 CC-BY-SA 3.0

A British Crusader tank passing a burning German Panzer IV during Operation Crusader, late 1941.

A captured German PzKpfw IV G used for anti-tank weapon tests by British Eighth Army, Italy 1943

A Panzer IV Ausf. G of the 1st SS Panzer Division “Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler” near the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, 1942. Bundesarchiv, Bild 101III-Zschaeckel-170-20 Zschäckel, Friedrich CC-BY-SA

A Panzer IV-A performing a water crossing exercise demonstration while being observed by Wehrmacht officers on the shore. Bundesarchiv, Bild 146-1978-120-15 CC-BY-SA 3.0

A PzKpfw IV Ausf. H of the 12th Panzer Division carrying Schürzen skirting operating on the Eastern Front in the USSR, 1944. Bundesarchiv, Bild 101I-088-3734A-19A Schönemann CC-BY-SA 3.0

France, Panzer IV moving trough a village.Bundesarchiv, Bild 101I-721-0378-28 Vennemann, Wolfgang CC-BY-SA 3.0

German Panzer-IV, version “D” on a training exercise in March 1940.Photo Bundesarchiv, Bild 101I-124-0211-18 Gutjahr CC-BY-SA 3.0

Officers inspect a German Mk IV tank knocked out by the Durham Light Infantry, 11 June 1944.

Pz.Kpfw IV Ausf J in Finnish Tank Museum, Parola.Photo Balcer CC BY 2.5

Pz.Kpfw-IV in Belgrade Military Museum, Serbia.Photo PetarM CC BY-SA 4.0

PzKpfw IV Ausf G in Yad la-Shiryon Museum, Israel.Photo Bukvoed CC BY 2.5

PzKpfw IV in Batey ha-Osef Museum, Israel.Photo Bukvoed CC BY 2.5

The 1942 Panzer IV Ausf. F2 was an upgrade of the Ausf. F, fitted with the KwK 40 L 43 anti-tank gun to counter Soviet T-34 medium and KV heavy tanks.Photo Mark Pellegrini CC BY-SA 2.5

The Ausf. J was the final production model, and was greatly simplified compared to earlier variants to speed construction. This shows an exported Finnish model.Photo: Balcer CC BY 2.5


Watch the video: Eastern Front of WWII animated: 194344


Comments:

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