Leonard Townsend Gerow, 1888-1972

Leonard Townsend Gerow, 1888-1972


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Leonard Townsend Gerow, 1888-1972

Leonard Gerow (1888-1972) was the commander of the US 5th Corps from July 1943 until the start of 1945, and led it from Omaha Beach into Germany. Gerow graduated from the Virginian Military Institute in 1911 and immediately entered the army. He served with the American Expeditionary Force in France in 1918. Between the wars he spent four separate spells working on the War Department General Staff (War Plans and Organisation Section 1923-24, Office of Assistant Secretary of War 1926-29, War Plans Division 1935-1939 and Assistance Chief of Staff with duty in War Plans Division 1940-41).

At the start of 1942 he was nominated as the original US Army representative on the Combined Planners, part of the Combined Chiefs of Staff organisation but on 16 February 1942 he was appointed to command the 29th Infantry Division, two days after being promoted to Major General. In November 1942 he took his division to Britain, where on 15 July 1943 he was appointed to command the 5th Corps, replacing General Russell P. Hartle.

On D-Day 5th Corps, led by the 1st Infantry Division, had the task of landing on Omaha Beach, where they faced the most complete section of the Atlantic Wall and the best natural defences on any of the five D-Day beaches. Gerow spent an anxious morning waiting for reports from Colonel Benjamin B. Talley, his assistant chief of staff, who spent the day watching the landings from a DUKW cruising 500-1000 yards off the beach. Just prior to the landings Gerow changed the assault plans. In the original plans the 115th Infantry had been designated as a floating reserve. Instead he decided to send it in at H plus 4. This decision had mixed results – the 115th Infantry arrived in time to add to both the American strength on the beach and to the confusion.

After D-Day Gerow's corps became involved in the tough fighting between the hedges of the bocage country. His corps played a minor part in Operation Cobra, launching holding attacks designed to tie down the German forces on his front. His corps attacked the north-western corner of the Falaise pocket, but ran into stiff resistance around Vire.

The end of the battle for the Falais Gap was followed by the virtual collapse of German resistance in France. The original 5th Corps was pinched out when the pocket collapsed, and its divisions redistributed, while Gerow moved his headquarters 100 miles from Mortain to Argentan, where he formed a new 5th Corps with three divisions from General Wade Haislip's 15th Corps (the rest of this corps joined Patton).

The new 5th Corps carried out the liberation of Paris. The 2nd French Armoured division attacked from the west and the American 4th Infantry Division from the south, and by 8.30am on 25 August French tanks were on the Champs Élysées and American troops had reached Notre Dame. Gerow was the first American major general to enter Paris, where he soon clashed with de Gaulle over the administration of the city.

After leaving Paris the 5th Corps advanced into Germany, taking part in the fighting in the Huertgen Forest from 2 November and reaching the Roer River at the start of December. On 16 December, when the Germans launched their Ardennes offensive (battle of the Bulge), Gerow was advancing towards the Roer dams when his corps was attacked by the right wing of the German attack. He was the first senior Allied commander to realise how serious the situation was, and at noon on 16 December asked for permission to abandon the attack on the dams and pull back to the Butgenbach Ridge. General Hodges, who still believed that this was only a minor attack, turned down this request, but once the scale of the crisis became clear Gerow turned south and occupied a position between Malmedy and Butgenbach which put it at the eastern end of the northern shoulder of the 'bulge'.

On 1 January 1945 Gerow was promoted to Lieutenant General, and on 14 December he was given command of the 15th Army, the last American field army to see service in Western Europe. Gerow's main task in this new role was to oversee the recovery of those 12th Army Groups units that had suffered most during the battle of the Bulge, but in April the 15th Army entered combat during the final operations against the Ruhr Pocket, attacking from the west.

After the end of the war Gerow's headquarters established the Theatre General Board, which had the task of evaluating the American army's performance in the European Theatre of Operations. At first the army also had some occupation duties, but by the summer it was focusing almost entirely on historical study. Gerow remained in post until October 1945, when he was replaced by General Patton. Between November 1945 and January 1948 Gerow was commandant of the Army's Command and General Staff School, and from 1948 until his retirement in 1950 he commanded the Second Army. He retired on 31 July 1950 with the rank of full general.


Gerow History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The surname Gerow was first found in Languedoc where this celebrated family held a family seat from ancient times.

This noble family acquired the title of Marquis de Vessey under Philippe Giroux, aide-de-camp of the armies of the King, in the late 1600's. A branch of the family formed during the 1700's and distinctive members from this branch were three colonels of the cavalry, Knights of Saint-Louis and consuls of Rodez. As a result of branching to various provinces, the spelling of the family name changed according to different pronunciations throughout France. At the time of the French Revolution, many members of this family are recorded because of their active role in the political changes that surrounded this event.

Distinctive among these members was Étienne Giroult, an Administrator and Legislator, who was elected as a Deputy to the Legislature on September 10, 1791, and who voted with the minority. Consequently, he was branded a counter-revolutionary and was wanted by the police. Étienne hid in a Church to avoid being arrested, but he was found there and jumped off the top of the church before being charged by the police.

Toussaint Giroux, born in 1636, son of Jean and Marguerite (née Quilleron), arrived in Canada from Perche, France on 29th September 1654. In Quebec he worked as a weaver and a land clearer. He married Marie Godard in 1654 and together they had twelve children. After Marie's death, Toussaint remarried to Thérèse Leblanc in Beauport, Quebec on 29th October 1686. [1]

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Early History of the Gerow family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gerow research. Another 124 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1464, 1590, 1667, 1724, 1610, 1628 and 1711 are included under the topic Early Gerow History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Gerow Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Giroux, Giroulx, Giroud, Girous, Girout, Giroult, Giroust, Girou, Geroux, Geroulx, Gerrou, Jiroux, Jeroux, Gurule and many more.

Early Notables of the Gerow family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Gerow Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


World War II Database


ww2dbase Leonard Townsend Gerow was born in Petersburg, Virginia, United States. He attended high school in Petersburg and then attended the Virginia Military Institute. He graduated the latter with Honor Appointment, which allowed him to be commissioned a second lieutenant on 29 Sep 1911 in the United States Army without examination that was required for other students. In 1915, he received a commendation for his work in the hurricane relief effort for Galveston, Texas, United States. During the Mexican Expedition of 1916 to 1917, in which the US Army troops crossed into Mexican territory to attack Francisco "Pancho" Villa's para-military forces, he served at and near the Mexican city of Vera Cruz. He was promoted to the rank of first lieutenant on 1 Jul 1916 and to the rank of captain on 15 May 1917. Between 16 Jan 1918 and 30 Jun 1920, he served on the staff of the Signal Corps in France during WW1 with the war-time rank of colonel, he was responsible for the procurement of radio equipment for the American Expeditionary Force in Europe. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal and French Legion of Honor for his WW1 achievements. Upon return to the United States, he was promoted to the rank of major on 1 Jul 1920. In the fall of 1924, he enrolled in the advanced course at the Infantry School at Fort Benning, Georgia, United States, graduating in 1925 as the first of the class. In 1926, he completed his studies at the US Army Command and General Staff school. In 1931, he completed the Field Officer's Course in Chemical Warfare and Tanks and took a course at the Army War College. In 1932, he served in Shanghai, China. On 1 Aug 1935, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel. On 1 Sep 1940, he was promoted to the rank of colonel, and only one month later, on 1 Oct 1940, he was promoted to the rank of brigadier general.

ww2dbase After the US entered WW2, Gerow was promoted to the rank of major general on 14 Feb 1942 and received command of the 29th Infantry Division two days later. On 27 Sep 1943, he received the Legion of Merit award. On 17 Jul 1943, he was dismissed as the commanding officer of the 29th Infantry Division and was given command of the V Corps based in the United Kingdom. In this role, he played a part in the planning of the Normandy invasion, and he was the first corps level commander to land on the French coast on 6 Jun 1944. His tenure with the V Corps ended on 17 Sep 1944, but he was assigned the same post again on 5 Oct 1944, this time lasting until 14 Jan 1945. He was awarded the Silver Star for the V Corps' successful efforts toward the liberation of Paris, France. On 15 Jan 1945, he was named the commanding officer of the US 15th Army. On 6 Feb 1945, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general, which was to be retroactively effective from 1 Jan 1945.

ww2dbase After WW2, Gerow was named the commandant of the US Army Command and General Staff School. In Jan 1948, he was appointed the commanding officer of the US 2nd Army. He retired from active service in Jul 1950 and was promoted to the rank of general on 19 Jul 1954 by special act of the US Congress. He passed away in Petersburg, Virginia.

ww2dbase Source: Wikipedia.

Last Major Revision: May 2010

Leonard Gerow Timeline

13 Jul 1888 Leonard Gerow was born.
12 Oct 1972 Leonard Gerow passed away.

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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Irish Anonymous says:
19 Jun 2017 10:05:02 AM

Timing .
On 27 Sep 1943, he received the Legion of Merit award. On 17 Jul 1943, he was dismissed as the commanding officer of the 29th Infantry Division and was given command of the V Corps based in the United Kingdom.

All visitor submitted comments are opinions of those making the submissions and do not reflect views of WW2DB.


World War II

Gerow was promoted to major general on 14 February 1942 and became commanding general of the 29th Infantry Division on 16 February 1942. He received the Legion of Merit on 27 September 1943 for his work as a division commander and as Assistant Chief of Staff of the War Plans Division. He continued as commander of the division until 17 July 1943.

He became commander of V Corps on 17 July 1943. This was the largest unit of troops in the European Theater of Operations. He played a major part in the planning of the invasion of continental Europe. He was the first corps commander ashore on D-Day, June 6, 1944. The V Corps was composed of two infantry divisions: the 29th and the 1st. His tenure as commander of V Corps was from 17 July 1943 to 17 September 1944 and again from 5 October 1944 to 14 January 1945. General Gerow kept close to his advancing troops in V Corps. He was the first American officer of the rank of major general to enter Paris after its liberation by the French 2nd Armored Division and the U.S. 4th Infantry Division. For his part in this campaign he was awarded the Silver Star.

Both Eisenhower and Bradley held Gerow in high regard and ranked him as one of the top U.S. field commanders of World War II. [2] In a February 1945 memo Dwight D. Eisenhower listed the principal American commanders in order of merit based on the value of their service during the war. Gerow was listed 8th of 32. [3] In a letter to George Marshall on April 26, 1945, regarding commanders who might go on to serve in the Pacific, General Eisenhower commended General Omar Bradley most highly and then said: "In Europe there are other men who have been thoroughly tested as high combat commanders, including Simpson, Patch, Patton, Gerow, Collins, Truscott and others. Any one of these can successfully lead an Army in combat in the toughest kind of conditions.". [4]

Gerow was given command of the newly formed Fifteenth United States Army on 15 January 1945. He was promoted to lieutenant general on 6 February 1945, with the promotion being effective 1 January 1945.


D-Day Landed Camp Flag from the 29th Infantry Division - Omaha Beach from V Corp Commander Gen. Gerow. .

D-Day Landed Camp Flag from the 29th Infantry Division - Omaha Beach from V Corp Commander Gen. Gerow. This flag landed with the 29th Division, the 1st wave at Omaha Beach on D-Day, and was carried by them throughout the war.

This is a wool bunting, 44" X 64", wool, 48-star, double applique, sewn stripe flag finished a canvas heading and grommets. The Flag is inscribed, "29th DIV. 1st WAVE OMAHA BEACH NORMANDY 6 JUNE 44" and "ST. LO, ELLE RIV. GEILENKIRCHEN, ELB CROSSING" and "MAJ. GEN. GEROW" and "5 CMH 854 = SILVER STARS."

The place names are all significant actions of the 29th Division during WWII. Major General Leonard Townsend Gerow (1888 - 1972) was the commanding general of the 29th Division from February 16, 1942 until July 17, 1943, when he was elevated to command V Corps, which he landed with at D-Day. Gerow was instrumental in planning the landings at Normandy and was one of Eisenhower's most able subordinates.

On D-Day, there was well over 6,000 ships in the allied invasion armada, approximately 4,000 of which were directly involved in the landings. Each ship had an ensign. Flags associated with the sea services are not uncommon. There were far fewer flags borne by land forces. There were hundreds of regiments that participated in the Normandy Landing, but far fewer flags were carried by higher echelon commands - divisions and corps. The final notation refers to the five medals of Honor and the 854 Silver Stars that soldiers from the 29 were awarded during WWII.

At Normandy, each of the American Beaches, Omaha and Utah, were assigned to a US Army corps: Utah Beach - U.S. VII Corps, 4th & 90th Infantry Divisions and Omaha Beach - U.S. V Corps, 1st & 29th Infantry Divisions. This was one of four American divisional camp flags landed on D-Day.

This flag is an opportunity for an advanced WWII collector or institution to have a divisional camp flag from WWII with a D-Day connection and a distinguished history.

29th Division Awards: France - Croix de guerre 1939-1945 (with Palm), US European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with Arrowhead device, and three Campaign stars.

Condition: This flag is in fair condition. It is used, lightly worn with several small holes and some losses.

This flag was formerly in the collection of Dr. Clarence Rungee, and is accompanied by his original museum inventory sheet with identifying information.

For those who did not receive a hard copy of the auction catalog, we present here the introductory comments and history of Dr. Rungee and his remarkable collection. If you scroll further, you will also find various contemporary newspaper articles, as well as a selection of the many letters of donation and transmittal which accompanied the collection.


Leonard Townsend Gerow, 1888-1972 - History

Leslie Richard Groves, Lieutenant-General (1898-1970)

Walter Bedell Smith, Lieutenant-General (1895-1961)

Carl Raymond Gray Jr., Major-Ge neral (1889-1955)

Willard Stewart Paul, Major-General (1894-1966)

Leroy Lutes, Lieutenant-General (1890-1980)

Terry de la Mesa Allen, Major-General (1888-1969)

Maxwell Murray, Major-General (1885-1948)

Clift Andrus, Major-General (1880-1968)

Alexander Papagos, General Commander in Chief of the Greek Army (1883-1955)

Francis Gerard Brink, Brigadier-General (1893-1952)

Norman E. Hendrickson, Major-General (1925-2006)

William Henry Abendroth, Brigadier-General (1895-1970)

Maurice-Noël-Eugenè Mathenet, Lieutenant-General (1889-1961)

James C. Dozier, Lieutenant-General (1885-1974)

Alexander Russell Bolling, Major-General (1895-1964)

John Kenneth Cannon, Lieutenant-Government (1892-1955)

Geoffrey Keyes, Lieutenant-General (1888-1955)

Harold Roe Bull, Lieutenant-General (1893-1976)

Clarence Lionel Adcock, Major-General (1895-1967)

Armistead Davis Mead, Brigadier-General (1901-1980)

James Edward Moore, Major-General (1902-1986)

James Maurice Gavin, Major-General (1907-1990)

INSERTNAMEHERE, Major-General

Allen Hal Turnage, Major-General (1891-1971)

Donald Richard Wright, Major-General (1907-1985)

INSERTNAMEHERE, Brigadier-General

William C. James, Brigadier-General

INSERTNAMEHERE, Major-General

J. L. Vanderbilt, Major-General

Thomas Eugene Watson, Major-General (1892-1966)

Elmer E. Hall, Brigadier-General

INSERTNAMEHERE, Major-General

Merritt Austin Edson, Brigadier-General (1897-1955)

Julian Constable Smith, Major-General (1885-1975)

Sherman Miles, Major-General (1882-1966)

William Signius Knudsen, Lieutenant-General (1879-1948)

Basilio J. Valdes, Major-General, Secretary of National Defense (1892-1970)

Henry Spiece Aurand, Major-General ( 1894-1980 )

Myron Cady Cramer, Major-General, The Judge Advocate General (1881-1966)

Frederick LeRoy Martin, Major-General (1882-1954)

Edward C. Betts, Brigadier-General (1890-1946)

Frank Johnson McSherry, Brigadier-General (1892-1977)

INSERTNAMEHERE, Brigadier-General

Louis Aleck Craig, Major-General (1891-1984)

Alvan Cleveland Kincaid, Brigadier-General (1892-1968)

Elwood Richard Quesada, Major-General (1904-1993)

Leonard Townsend Gerow, Lieutenant-General (1888-1972)

Marie-Joseph-Pierre-François Koenig, Marshal of France (1898-1970)

Hugh Joseph Gaffey, Major-General (1895-1946)

Pearson Menoher, Brigadier-General (1892-1958)

Frank William Milburn, Major-General (1892-1962)

Thomas Wade Herren, Brigadier-General (1895-1985)

William Edward "Ed" Pearson or Edwin Pearson, Major-General (1923-2010)

William Thaddeus Sexton, Brigadier-General (1901-1983)

John Matthew Devine, Major-General (1895-1971)

Rinaldo Van Brunt, Brigadier-General (1901-1989)

Paul-Louis-Victor-Marie Legentilhomme, Gouvernement Militaire de Paris (1884-1975)


ביוגרפיה [ עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה ]

ראשית חייו [ עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה ]

ג'רואו נולד ב-13 ביולי 1888 בפטרסבורג, וירג'יניה למשפחה ממוצא צרפתי (שם המשפחה במקור היה ז'ירו). ג'רואו למד בתיכון בווירג'יניה, ולאחר מכן למד בבית ספר צבאי. הוא סיים במקום הראשון במחזורו, ובשל כך קיבל דרגת לוטננט משנה בצבא ארצות הברית.

קריירה צבאית [ עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה ]

ג'רואו מילא תפקידים שונים בצבא, ביניהם סיוע לנפגעי ההוריקן בטקסס בשנת 1915, ולאחר מכן השתתף במשלחת האמריקנית למקסיקו. ב-1 ביולי 1916 הועלה ג'רואו לדרגת לוטננט, וב-15 במאי 1917 הועלה לדרגת קפטן. לאחר כניסת ארצות הברית למלחמה נשלח ג'רואו לחזית המערבית, ושירת שם כקצין הקשר הראשי של חיל המשלוח האמריקני בדרגה זמנית של קולונל. על פעולותיו במהלך המלחמה קיבל ג'רואו את עיטורי מדליית השירות המצוין ולגיון הכבוד הצרפתי.

לאחר המלחמה קיבל ג'רואו דרגת קבע של מייג'ור, והשתתף בקורסים שונים של הצבא. בשנת 1932 נשלח ג'רואו כנספח צבאי לשאנגחאי בסין, וב-1 באוגוסט 1935 הועלה לדרגת לוטננט קולונל. ב-1 בספטמבר 1940 הועלה ג'רואו לדרגת קולונל, וחודש לאחר מכן ב-1 באוקטובר הועלה לדרגת בריגדיר גנרל.

מלחמת העולם השנייה [ עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה ]

ב-14 בפברואר 1942 הועלה ג'רואו לדרגת מייג'ור גנרל ומונה למפקד הדיוויזיה ה-29, וב-27 בספטמבר 1943 לאחר מכן קיבל את עיטור לגיון ההצטיינות. ב-17 ביולי 1943 מונה ג'רואו למפקד הקורפוס ה-5, והכין אותו לקראת הפלישה לנורמנדי. ב-6 ביוני 1944 הונחת הקורפוס ה-5 בחוף אומהה, שם ספג אבדות כבדות, אולם לבסוף הצליח לטהר את החוף ולפרוץ לעבר היבשת. הקורפוס לחם בקרבות המערכה בנורמנדי, ועל פעולותיו במערכה הוענק לג'רואו עיטור כוכב הכסף. לאחר שחרור פריז בידי הדיוויזיה ה-4 ודיוויזיית השריון ה-2 הצרפתית, היה ג'רואו הגנרל האמריקני שנכנס לפריז. לאחר מכן פיקד ג'רואו על הקורפוס בקרב יער הורטגן ובקרב הארדנים, וב-15 בינואר 1945 מונה למפקד הארמייה ה-15 שהוקמה זה עתה. ב-6 בפברואר הועלה ג'רואו לדרגת לוטננט גנרל, והמשיך בתפקידו כמפקד הארמייה ה-15 עד סוף המלחמה.

לאחר המלחמה [ עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה ]

לאחר המלחמה מונה ג'רואו למפקד המכללות הצבאיות, ובינואר 1948 מונה למפקד הארמייה השנייה. ביולי 1950 פרש ג'רואו מהצבא, וביולי 1954 קודם על פי החלטת הקונגרס לדרגת גנרל (ארבעה כוכבים). לאחר פרישתו מהצבא התגורר ג'רואו בפטרסבורג, וירג'יניה, וב-12 באוקטובר 1972 מת בביתו.


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Indholdsfortegnelse

Inden 1. verdenskrig gjorde Gerow tjeneste i en række opgaver som officer i enheder af kompagnistørrelse i infanteriet. I 1915 blev han rost for sin indsats under den orkan som ramte Galveston, Texas. Han gjorde tjeneste i Veracruz under felttoget i Mexico. Han blev forfremmet til premierløjtnant den 1. juli 1916 og til kaptajn den 15. maj 1917.

Fra 16. januar 1918 til 30. juni 1920 og under 1. Verdenskrig var han i signalkorpsets stab i Frankrig. Han var midlertidig oberst og ansvarlig for anskaffelse af alt radioudstyret til AEF. For sin indsats fik han Distinguished Service Medal og den franske Æreslegion.

Efter at være vendt tilbage til Amerika blev han forfremmet til den permanente rang af major den 1. juli 1920. Han fik ordre til at følge et videregående kursus på U.S. Army Infantry School i Fort Benning, Georgia, i efteråret 1924. Han tog eksamen som den bedste i klassen i 1925. Det skal bemærkes at Omar Bradley blev næstbedst. Gerow gik på U.S. Army Command and General Staff school, hvor Dwight D. Eisenhower var hans studiekammerat og tog eksamen i 1926, som nr. 11 i en årgang på 245. I 1931 afsluttede han Field Officer's Course i kemisk krigsførelse og kampvogne og tog et kursus ved Army War College.

Gerow gjorde tjeneste i Kina i 1932 i Shanghai området. Den 1. august 1935 blev han forfremmet til permanent oberstløjtnant. Den 1. september 1940 blev han permanent oberst og en måned senere 1. oktober blev han midlertidig brigadegeneral.


Indholdsfortegnelse

Inden 1. verdenskrig gjorde Gerow tjeneste i en række opgaver som officer i enheder af kompagnistørrelse i infanteriet. I 1915 blev han rost for sin indsats under den orkan som ramte Galveston, Texas. Han gjorde tjeneste i Veracruz under felttoget i Mexico. Han blev forfremmet til premierløjtnant den 1. juli 1916 og til kaptajn den 15. maj 1917.

Fra 16. januar 1918 til 30. juni 1920 og under 1. Verdenskrig var han i signalkorpsets stab i Frankrig. Han var midlertidig oberst og ansvarlig for anskaffelse af alt radioudstyret til AEF. For sin indsats fik han Distinguished Service Medal og den franske Æreslegion.

Efter at være vendt tilbage til Amerika blev han forfremmet til den permanente rang af major den 1. juli 1920. Han fik ordre til at følge et videregående kursus på U.S. Army Infantry School i Fort Benning, Georgia, i efteråret 1924. Han tog eksamen som den bedste i klassen i 1925. Det skal bemærkes at Omar Bradley blev næstbedst. Gerow gik på U.S. Army Command and General Staff school, hvor Dwight D. Eisenhower var hans studiekammerat og tog eksamen i 1926, som nr. 11 i en årgang på 245. I 1931 afsluttede han Field Officer's Course i kemisk krigsførelse og kampvogne og tog et kursus ved Army War College.

Gerow gjorde tjeneste i Kina i 1932 i Shanghai området. Den 1. august 1935 blev han forfremmet til permanent oberstløjtnant. Den 1. september 1940 blev han permanent oberst og en måned senere 1. oktober blev han midlertidig brigadegeneral.


Зміст

Леонард Таунсенд Ґероу народився 13 липня 1888 року у місті Пітерсберг, у штаті Вірджинія. Прізвище Ґероу мало походження від французької Жиро (фр. Giraud). Навчався у середній школі Пітерсберга, потім у Військовому інституті Вірджинії, після завершення якого поступив на військову службу до лав регулярної американської армії. 29 вересня 1911 року він був зарахований другим лейтенантом, до піхотної частини армії Сполучених Штатів.

З 1911 року і до вступу США у Першу світову війну Ґероу проходив службу у низці підрозділів, був командиром роти в піхоті. У 1915 році він отримав похвалу за свою роботу за ліквідацію наслідків Ґалвестонського урагану 1915 року, який вразив Галвестон, штат Техас. У подальшому служив у Веракрусі під час Мексиканської кампанії. 1 липня 1916 року підвищений по службі в перші лейтенанти, а пізніше до капітана — 15 травня 1917 року.

З 16 січня 1918 до 30 червня 1920 року Ґероу служив у штабі корпусу зв'язку на Західному фронті. Він був тимчасово підвищений до звання полковника, відповідального за оснащення Американських експедиційних сил (AEF) у Бельгії та Франції всім радіотехнічним обладнанням. За свої заслуги під час війни він був відзначений медаллю «За видатні заслуги» армії та французьким орденом Почесного Легіону.

1 липня 1920 року, після повернення з Європи до США, його присвоїли постійне звання майор. Восени 1924 року Ґероу поступив на курси підвищення кваліфікації в Піхотній школі армії США у Форт Беннінгі, штат Джорджія, які закінчив першим у 1925 році. Омар Бредлі, що вчився разом з ним, посів другим. Надалі Ґероу навчався у Командно-штабному коледжі армії разом з Дуайтом Д. Ейзенхауером. У 1931 році проходив курс підготовки польового офіцера з ведення хімічної війни та застосування танків у Воєнному коледжі армії США.

Напередодні японського нападу на Перл-Гарбор, що спровокував вступ США в Другу світову війну, Леонард Таунсенд Ґероу був бригадним генералом. 14 лютого 1942 року йому присвоїли звання генерал-майора і 16 лютого 1942 року він став командиром 29-ї піхотної дивізії, формування Національної гвардії армії. Командиром 29-ї дивізії він був до 17 липня 1943 року.

17 липня 1943 року генерал-майор Ґероу став командиром V корпусу, найбільшого формування американських збройних сил на Європейському театрі війни на той час. Командував своїм корпусом, який складався з 1-ї та 29-ї піхотних дивізій, під час вторгнення до континентальної Європи, в ході боїв у Нормандії. Він був першим американським генералом, який вступив у Париж після його звільнення столиці французькою 2-ю бронетанковою дивізією та 4-ю піхотною дивізією США. За свою участь у цій кампанії він був нагороджений Срібною зіркою.

15 січня 1945 року Ґероу було призначено командувати новоствореною 15-ю польовою армією, якою він керував до завершення воєнних дій у Європі.

Після війни генерал-лейтенант Ґероу був призначений комендантом Командно-штабного коледжу армії. Очолював робочу ради вищих офіцерів американської армії, йому було доручено вивчити та надати пропозиції стосовно майбутньої організації сухопутних військ. У січні 1948 року став командувачем 2-ї армії, у липні 1950 року після завершення командуванням цим об'єднанням Леонард Героу пішов у відставку.

1954 році Конгрес прийняв закон 83-508, відповідно до якого, низці американських вищих офіцерів, хто проявив свої найвидатніші лідерські здібності під час Другої світової війни, за видатні заслуги було присвоєне наступне звання. Л.Ґероу отримав звання повного генерала.


Watch the video: The American Presidential Election of 1888


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