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According to the results obtained by a large international team of researchers, it is revealed that during the Aztec era there was great geopolitical complexity and they shed light on how the relations between the old states could have been, where issues that went beyond what was war or the expansion of its people, issues such as trade and also the flow of goods that arrived.
This study was carried out by a team of researchers from the University of North Carolina together with the Michoacán College, Purdue University and the Center for Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute.
The investigation focused on a independent territory known as Tlaxcala, currently in central Mexico. This place was founded during the second half of the 13th century and reached the year 1,500 as a free territory, despite being completely surrounded by the Aztec empire. Tlaxcala even supported Cortés and was very important in the conquest of Mexico by the Spanish in the 16th century.
The study shows that Tlaxcala obtained obsidian a century before the arrival of Hernán Cortés. It is a volcanic glass that was widely used especially in the creation of household tools and also jewelry, religious objects or weapons, but the most interesting thing is that in the territory where it is found there is no obsidian, which made the researchers wonder where this material came from.
Knowing that Tlaxcala was little by little being surrounded by the Aztecs and they did not have a good relationship, Dr. John Millhauser, associate professor of Anthropology at NC State and one of the main researchers of this project, assured that it was probable that the obsidian was obtained from an area called El Paredón or that it could even receive help from other towns, although this is just a hypothesis.
Another thing that has been discovered is that between Tlaxcala and the Aztecs there was a certain economic gap. In addition to this, previous research shows that more than 90% of Aztec obsidian came from an area known as Pachuca, well to the north of Tlaxcala.
Finally, Millhauser claimed that this shows that politics was very present at that time, where obsidian from ancient states was imported, collaborating with both Tlaxcala and the Aztecs in obtaining this important material.
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