Major events, sports highlights and Nobel Prizes of 1980 - History

Major events, sports highlights and Nobel Prizes of 1980 - History


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  • Strikes accross Poland
  • Gang of four goes on trial
  • Libyan troops intervene in Chad Civil War
  • Iran-Iraq War breaks out
  • Leftists seize embassy in Colombia

Sports

NBA: Los Angeles Lakers vs. Philadelphia 76ers Series: 4-2
NCAA Football: Georgia Record: 12-0-0
Heisman Trophy: George Rogers, south carolina, RB points: 1,128
Stanley Cup: New York Islanders vs. Philadelphia Flyers Series: 4-2
Super Bowl XIV: Pittsburgh Steelers vs. LA Rams Score: 31-19
US Open Golf: Jack Nicklaus Score: 272 Course: Baltusrol GC Location: Springfield, NJ
World Series: Philadelphia Phillies vs. Kansas City Royals Series: 4-2

Popular Music

1."Please Don't Go" ... KC & the Sunshine Band
2."Rock With You" ... Michael Jackson
3."Do That to Me One More Time" ... The Captain and Tennille
4."Crazy Little Thing Called Love" ... Queen
5."Another Brick in the Wall" ... Pink Floyd
6."Call Me" ... Blondie
7."Funkytown" ... Lipps, Inc.
8."Coming Up" ... Paul McCartney
9."It's Still Rock and Roll to Me" ... Billy Joel
10."Magic" ... Christopher Cross

Popular Movies

1. Airplane
2. All That Jazz
3. The Black Stallion
4. The Blue Lagoon
5. The Blues Brothers
6. Brubaker
7. Caddyshack
8. Chapter Two
9. Cheech and Chong's Next Movie
10. Coal Miner's Daughter

Most Popular Books

Fiction
1. "The Covenant" by James Michener
2. "The Bourne Identity" by Robert Ludlum
3. "Rage of Angels" by Sidney Sheldon
4. "Princess Daisy" by Judith Krantz
5. "Firestarter" by Stephen King

Nonfiction
1. "Crisis Investing" by Douglas Casey
2. "Cosmos" by Carl Sagan;
3. "Free to Choose" by Milton & Rose Friedman
4. "Anatomy of an Illness" by Norman Cousins
5. "Thy Neighbor's Wife" by Gay Talesee Pritiken Program for Diet and Exercise by Nathan Pritiken

Most Popular Television Shows

1. Dallas (CBS)
2. The Dukes of Hazzard (CBS)
3. 60 Minutes (CBS)
4. M*A*S*H (CBS)
5. The Love Boat (ABC)
6. The Jeffersons (CBS)
7. Alice (CBS)
8. House Calls (CBS)
9. Three's Company (ABC)
10. Little House on the Prairie (NBC)

Academy Awards

Best Picture: "Ordinary People"
Best Director: Robert Redford ... "Ordinary People"
Best Actor: Robert DeNiro ... "Raging Bull"
Best Actress: Sissy Spacek ... "Coal Miner's Daughter"

Grammy Awards

Record of the Year: "Sailing" ... Christopher Cross
Best Song; "Sailing" ... Christopher Cross
Best Album: Christopher Cross ... "Christopher Cross"
Male Vocalist: Kenny Loggins ... "This Is It"
Female Vocalist: Bette Midler ... "The Rose"

Nobel Prizes

Chemistry
The prize was divided, one half being awarded to: BERG, PAUL, U.S.A., Stanford University, Stanford, CA, b. 1926: "for his fundamental studies of the biochemistry of nucleic acids, with particular regard to recombinant-DNA"; and the other half jointly to: GILBERT, WALTER, U.S.A., Biological Laboratories, Cambridge, MA, b. 1932; and SANGER, FREDERICK, U.S.A., Great Britain, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, b. 1918: "for their contributions concerning the determination of base sequences in nucleic acids"

Literature
MILOSZ, CZESLAW, U.S.A., and Poland, b. 1911 (in Seteiniai, Lithuania): "who with uncompromising clear-sightedness voices man's exposed condition in a world of severe conflicts"

Peace
ESQUIVEL, ADOLFO PEREZ, Argentina, b. 1931: architect, sculptor and human rights leader.

Physiology or Medicine
The prize was awarded jointly to: BENACERRAF, BARUJ, U.S.A., Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, b. 1920 (Caracas, Venezuela); DAUSSET, JEAN, France, Universite de Paris, Laboratoire Immuno-Hematologi, Paris, b. 1916; and SNELL, GEORGE D., U.S.A., Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, ME, b. 1903, d. 1996; "for their discoveries concerning genetically determined structures on the cell surface that regulate immunological reactions"

Physics
The prize was divided equally between: CRONIN, JAMES, W., U.S.A., University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, b. 1931; and FITCH, VAL L., U.S.A., Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, b. 1923: "for the discovery of violations of fundamental symmetry principles in the decay of neutral K-mesons"

Pulitzer Prizes

Drama: Lanford Wilson ... "Talley's Folly"
Fiction: Norman Mailer ... "The Executioner's Song"
History: Leon F. Litwack ... "Been in the Storm So Long"
International Reporting: Joel Brinkley ... "Louisville Courier-Journal"
National Reporting: Bette Swenson Orsini & Charles Stafford ... "St. Petersburg (FL) Times"
Public Service: "Gannett News Service"


1980s Important News and Events, Key Technology Fashion and Popular Culture

The Eighties see the collapse of traditional communism and the ending of the Cold War, Microsoft, IBM, Intel and Apple begin to have an impact on all our lives as small Computers becomes cheaper and more wide spread including home and Business, Famine in Ethiopia causes major music stars to band together to raise money and awareness, and the early beginnings of mobile phones as technology gets cheaper and smaller.

The events listed below we have tried to put a small paragraph on the specific year page providing additional information )

Mount St. Helens erupts in Washington state.

John Lennon is shot and dies.

The popular video arcade game "Pac-Man" is released.

Ronald Reagan is elected as the President of the United States.

The United States boycotts the 1980 Olympics in Moscow.

Lady Diana Spencer and Charles the Prince of Wales are married.

The cable network MTV (Music Television) is launched.

The AIDS virus is identified in the United States by scientists.

Anwar Sadat, the Egyptian President, is assassinated.

Sandra Day O'Connor is nominated as the first female Supreme Court Justice by President Reagan.

"The Computer" is named Time Magazine's Man of the Year.

Disney World opens the EPCOT ( Experimental Community of Tomorrow ) park.

The FIFA World Cup is held in Spain and Italy wins the title.

Japan begins selling the first CD players.

Late Rock n' Roll star Elvis Presley's home "Graceland" is opened to the public as an attraction.

Sally Ride becomes the first American woman in space.

Motorola introduces the first mobile phones to the United States in 1983.

Microsoft releases "Word" their word processing program.

The Swiss company "Swatch" introduces their watches and they become a fashion craze.

The I.R.A. bombs the popular London department store Harrods.

Money and Inflation 1980's

To provide an estimate of inflation we have given a guide to the value of $100 US Dollars for the first year in the decade to the equivalent in today's money

If you have $100 Converted from 1980 to 2021 it would be equivalent to $339.73 today

In 1980 a new house cost $68,714.00 and by 1989 was $120,00.00

In 1980 the average income per year was $19,170.00 and by 1989 was $27,210.00

In 1980 a gallon of gas was $1.19 and by 1989 was 97 cents

In 1980 the average cost of new car was $7,210.00 and by 1989 was $15,400.00

A few more prices from the 80's and how much things cost

Nike Air Force Basketball Shoes $54.90

Tailored Style Silk Blouse $15.99

Amiga 500 with Color Monitor $849

Hands Free Operating Car Phone $788

Bunk Beds with Mattress $148

Cheer Laundry Detergent $1.59


Historical Events in October 1980

Oct 2 38 year old Muhammad Ali comes out of 2-year retirement to challenge undefeated world heavyweight champion Larry Holmes at Caesars Palace, Las Vegas Ali pounded unmercifully for 10 rounds before corner throws in towel

    Michael Myers (D-Pa), is 1st rep expelled in over 100 years (ABSCAM) 4 die in attack on a synagogue in Paris

Baseball Record

Oct 4 Future Baseball Hall of Fame 3rd baseman Mike Schmidt's 2-run homer off Stan Bahnsen in 11th inning gives Philadelphia, 6-4 win v Montreal and NL East title Schmidt's 48th of the season breaks Eddie Mathews' single-season MLB record for 3rd basemen

    ABC premiere of Saturday futuristic fantasy cartoon "Thundarr the Barbarian" Formal opening of meditation hall of Zenshin Temple in Riverdale, the Bronx NYC Australian Williams driver Alan Jones wins the United States East Grand Prix to claim his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship wins by 13 points from Nelson Piquet of Brazil Guyana adopts constitution

Sex Pistols' Break Up

Oct 6 John Lydon (aka Johnny Rotten of the Sex Pistols) sentenced to 3 months imprisonment on assault charges

Sex Pistols bassist Sid Vicious on stage during the band's last show at Winterland in San Francisco, January 14, 1978

Event of Interest

Oct 8 After playing two shows at the Madison Square Garden, Bob Marley collapsed in Central Park while jogging, brought to Sloan-Kettering Hospital

    British Leyland starts selling Mini Metro USSR & Syria sign peace treaty USSR performs nuclear test 1st consumer use of home banking by computer by United American Bank in Knoxville, Tennessee

Music Awards

Oct 13 14th Country Music Association Award: Barbara Mandrell, Emmylou Harris, and George Jones win

    Unprovoked slayings of 6 blacks in Buffalo, NY Phils rally from 4-0 deficit to beat the Royals, 7-6 to take WS opener

Event of Interest

Oct 14 Presidential nominee Ronald Reagan promises to name a woman to the US Supreme Court


Major events, sports highlights and Nobel Prizes of 1980 - History

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January 4, 1980 - President Jimmy Carter announces the embargo on sale of grain and high technology to the Soviet Union due to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.

February 13, 1980 - The opening ceremonies of the 1980 Winter Olympics Games are held in Lake Placid, New York. One of the most thrilling moments include the Miracle on Ice when a team of U.S. amateur ice hockey players defeated the vaunted Soviet Union professional all-star team in the semi-final game, then won the gold medal over Finland. U.S. speed skater Eric Heiden also concluded one of the most amazing feats in sports history when he won all five speed skating medals from the sprint at 500 meters to the marathon 10,000 meter event.

April 1, 1980 - The 1980 census shows a population in the United States of 226,542,203, an 11.4% increase since 1970. For the first time, one state had over 20 million people living within its borders, the state of California with 23.7 million. Due to a trend of western migration, Missouri now contained the geographic population center of the United States, one quarter mile west of De Soto in Jefferson County.

April 12, 1980 - The United States Olympic Committee, responding to the request of President Jimmy Carter on March 21, votes to withdraw its athletes from participation in the Moscow Summer Olympic Games due to the continued involvement of the Soviet Union in Afghanistan.

April 24-25, 1980 - The attempt to rescue the American hostages held captive in the U.S. Embassy in Iran fails with eight Americans killed and five wounded in Operation Eagle Claw when a mid-air collision occurs.

May 18, 1980 - The Mt. St. Helens volcano, in Washington State, erupts, killing fifty-seven people and economic devastation to the area with losses near $3 billion. The blast was estimated to have the power five hundred times greater than the Hiroshima atomic bomb.

Buy Chronology

Great Book for the History Fan with Fifty Short Essays Telling the Story of American History.

January 20, 1981 - The inauguration of Ronald Reagan as the 40th president of the United States occurs in Washington, D.C. It was followed by the release of the fifty-two Americans still held hostage in Tehran. The Iranian hostage crisis, which lasted four hundred and forty-four days, was negotiated for the return of $8 billion in frozen Iranian assets.

March 30, 1981 - President Ronald Reagan withstands an assassination attempt, shot in the chest while walking to his limousine in Washington, D.C.

January 8, 1982 - ATT settles its lawsuit with the U.S. Justice Department. The agreement forced the independence of the twenty-two regional Bell System companies in return for expansion into the prohibited areas of data processing and equipment sales.

March 2, 1982 - The Senate passes a bill that virtually eliminated the practice of busing to achieve racial integration.

March 23, 1983 - The initial proposal to develop technology to intercept incoming missiles, the Strategic Defense Initiative Program, or Star Wars, is made by President Ronald Reagan.

April 20, 1983 - President Reagan signs legislation meant to rescue the Social Security System from bankruptcy.

October 25, 1983 - The United States invasion of Grenada occurs at the request of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States to depose the Marxist regime.

February 7, 1984 - Navy Captain Bruce McCandless and Army Lt. Colonel Robert Stewart become the first astronauts to fly free of a spacecraft in orbit during a space shuttle flight that began four days earlier.

July 28, 1984 - The opening ceremony of the Los Angeles Olympic Games is held. The games run by Peter Ueberroth, prove a financial and U.S. success, despite a retaliatory boycott by most allies of the Soviet Union due to the U.S. boycott of the 1980 Moscow games.

November 6, 1984 - President Ronald Reagan wins reelection over Democratic challenger Walter F. Mondale, increasing his Electoral College victory since the 1980 election to a margin of 525 to 13.

July 13, 1985 - A famine relief concert organized by British artist Bob Geldof and held simultaneously in London and Philadelphia is seen in one hundred and fifty-two countries. The seventeen hour concert raised $70 million for relief efforts in Ethiopia and other African nations.

November 20, 1985 - The first version of the Windows operating system for computers is released.

January 20, 1986 - Martin Luther King Day is officially observed for the first time as a federal holiday in the United States.

January 28, 1986 - The Challenger Space Shuttle explodes after lift off at Cape Canaveral, Florida, killing seven people, including Christa McAuliffe, a New Hampshire school teacher.

May 25, 1986 - Five million people make a human chain across the United States in the Hands Across America campaign to fight hunger and homelessness.

September 18, 1986 - A tentative agreement on a world-wide ban on medium-range missiles is reached between the Soviet Union and the United States. This agreement would not be expanded to include long-range missiles when President Reagan refused capitulation to the demand from Mikhail Gorbachev to limit development of the Star Wars missile defense shield.

November 3, 1986 - The first reporting of the Iran-Contra affair, diverting money from arm sales to Iran to fund Nicaraguan contra rebels, begins the largest crisis in the Reagan tenure.

August 12, 1987 - Near the end of hearings into the Iran-contra affair, President Reagan admits to a policy that went astray, but denied knowledge of the diversion of funds to the contras.

October 19, 1987 - The stock market crash known as Black Monday occurs on the New York Stock Exchange, recording a record 22.6% drop in one day. Stock markets around the world would mirror the crash with drops of their own.

December 31, 1987 - El Malpais National Monument in New Mexico is established by legislation. It preserved a natural volcanic area, a seventeen mile lava tube system, and remains from the Pueblo Indian culture.

February 3, 1988 - The United States House of Representatives rejects the request of President Reagan for $36.25 million to fund the Nicaraguan Contras.

April 12, 1988 - The first patent for a genetically engineered animal is issued to Harvard University researchers Philip Leder and Timothy Stewart.

January 6, 1989 - Economic reports on the previous year from the Labor Department indicate a growth rate of 3.8%, the largest in four years and an unemployment rate of 5.3%, a low of fourteen years.

November 9, 1989 - The Berlin Wall, after thirty-eight years of restricting traffic between the East and West German sides of the city, begins to crumble when German citizens are allowed to travel freely between East and West Germany for the first time. One day later, the influx of crowds around and onto the wall begin to dismantle it, thus ending its existence.

History Photo Bomb


Sally Ride, America's first woman astronaut, communities with NASA from the flight deck of the Challenger Space Shuttle, June 18-24, 1983. Photo: U.S. Information Agency.

ABH Travel Tip


Take a trip along the Appalachian Trail. There are a myriad of National Park and other historic sites either on the trail or just nearby. From Acadia National Park in Maine to Harper's Ferry National Historical Park in West Virginia, plus other Civil War sites nearby, down to Georgia. So you can take a hike, visit some history, and see a whole lot a nature and beauty along the way.


President Reagan at the Berlin Wall. Courtesy National Archives.

Official SouvenirsAmerica's Best History



Crowds of the Civil Rights March in Washington, D.C. surround the Washington Monument. August 28, 1963. Courtesy National Archives.

Timeline History


Now in easy to search digital format for your Kindle, Nook, or pdf format. Also comes in paperback, too.


Go Back in Time With This 1980s History Timeline

A lot happened during the 1980s—too much to remember, really. Go back in time and relive the era of Reagan and Rubik's Cubes with this 1980s timeline.

The first year of the decade was memorable for political drama, cable TV, and games we couldn't keep our hands off of. Arcades were jammed with people playing a new video game called Pac-Man. Some of those early gamers might also be fiddling with a colorful Rubik's Cube.

Feb. 22: The U.S. Olympic hockey team defeats the Soviet Union in the semifinals at the Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, New York.

April 27: Media tycoon Ted Turner (born 1938) announces the creation of CNN, the first 24-hour cable news network.

April 28: The U.S. makes an abortive attempt to rescue American hostages held in Iran since November 1979.

May 18: In Washington State, Mt. St. Helens erupts, killing more than 50 people.

May 21: "The Empire Strikes Back," the second movie in what would become the decades-long Star Wars franchise, premieres in movie theaters.

May 22: The Pac-Man video game is released in Japan, followed by its U.S. release in October.

Oct. 21: The Philadelphia Phillies defeat the Kansas City Royals to win the World Series in six games.

Nov. 21: A record 350 million people worldwide watch TV's "Dallas" to find out who shot character J.R. Ewing.

Dec. 8: Singer John Lennon is assassinated by a deranged gunman in front of his New York City apartment.

By 1981, homes and offices were beginning to adapt to new technologies. If you had cable TV you probably were watching MTV after it began broadcasting in August. And at work, typewriters began making way for something called a personal computer from IBM.

Jan. 20: Iran releases the 52 U.S. hostages held in Tehran for 444 days.

March 30: A deranged fan makes an unsuccessful assassination attempt on President Ronald Reagan, injuring Reagan, press secretary James Brady (1940–2014), and a policeman.

April 12: The Space Shuttle Columbia is launched for the first time.

May 13: In Vatican City, an assassin shoots Pope John Paul II (1920–2005), wounding him.

June 5: The Center for Disease Control publishes the first official report of men infected with what will be known later as the AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) virus.

Aug. 1: Music Television, or MTV, begins broadcasting just after midnight as an endless stream of music videos.

Aug. 12: IBM releases the IBM Model 5150, the first IBM personal computer.

Aug. 19: Sandra Day O'Connor (b. 1930) becomes the first female Justice on the Supreme Court.

July 29: Britain's Prince Charles weds Diana Spencer in a royal wedding televised live.

Oct. 6: Egyptian President Anwar Sadat (1981–1981) is assassinated in Cairo.

Nov. 12: The Church of England votes to allow women to serve as priests.

The big news in 1982 literally was the news when USA Today, with its colorful graphics and short articles, made headlines as the first nationwide newspaper.

Jan. 7: The Commodore 64 personal computer is unveiled at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. It would become the highest-selling single computer model of all time.

April 2: Argentine forces land on the British-owned Falkland Islands, beginning the Falklands War between the two countries.

May 1: The World's Fair begins in Knoxville, Tennessee.

June 11: Director Steven Spielberg's "E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial," opens and instantly becomes a blockbuster.

June 14: Argentina surrenders after two months battle on sea on land in the Falklands.

Sept. 15: Editor Al Neuharth (1924–2013) publishes the first edition of the nation-wide newspaper "USA Today."

Nov. 13: Architect Maya Lin's Vietnam War Memorial is established in Washington DC as a National Memorial.

Nov. 30: 24-year-old pop star Michael Jackson releases his best-selling album "Thriller."

Oct. 1: The Walt Disney (1901–1966) Company opens EPCOT Center (Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow), its second theme park in Florida after Walt Disney World.

Dec. 2: American heart surgeon William DeVries (born 1943) implants the Jarvik 7, the world's first permanent artificial heart, into the chest of Seattle dentist Barney Clark—he will survive another 112 days. .

The year that saw the birth of the Internet also saw volcanic eruptions and aircraft tragedies the first woman in space and that holiday season craze of the Cabbage Patch Kids.

Jan. 1: The Internet is born when ARPAnet adopts TCP/IP protocols which would allow data exchange among a network of different models of computers.

Jan. 2: Mount Kilauea, Hawaii's youngest volcano, begins the Pu'u 'Ō'ō eruption which will not stop spewing lava fountains and flows until 2018, the longest and most voluminous outpouring of lava from the volcano's rift zone.

Feb. 28: After 11 years and 256 episodes, "MASH," the U.S. television series set during the Korean War, ends, watched by more than 106 million people.

May 25: Spielberg's third entry in the Star Wars trilogy, "Return of the Jedi" opens in theaters.

June 18: Sally Ride (1951–2012) becomes the first American woman in space when she and four others are on board the second flight of the space shuttle Challenger.

Oct. 23: The U.S. Marine barracks in Beirut, Lebanon, is bombed by terrorist, killing 241 military personnel.

Oct. 25: U.S. troops invade the Caribbean island of Grenada, ordered by Ronald Reagan to counter the Marxist government threats to residential Americans. The conflict lasts one week.

Sept. 1: A Korean Air Lines flight from New York City to Seoul (KAL-007) that had deviated into Soviet airspace, is shot down by a Soviet Su-15 interceptor, killing all aboard, 246 passengers and 23 crew.

Nov. 2: President Ronald Reagan signs legislation making Martin Luther King Jr.'s birthday a federal holiday, effective Jan. 20, 1986.

The Olympics in Sarajevo, the murder of the prime minister in India, and Michael Jackson moonwalking are among the events marked in 1984.

Jan. 1: AT&T, known as the Bell System, is broken up into a series of regional telephone companies, ending its monopoly.

Feb. 8: The XIV Olympic Winter Games open in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia, the only Olympics so far to be hosted by a Non-Aligned Movement member and a Muslim-majority city.

March 25: Pop singer Michael Jackson moonwalks for the first time at the Pasadena Civic Auditorium, a performance broadcast at the MTV Awards in May.

June 4: Singer Bruce Springsteen releases his album "Born in the U.S.A."

July 28: The Summer Olympics open in Los Angeles, California, where Carl Lewis wins four gold medals in track and field.

July 1: The "PG-13" rating for movies is added to existing rating classes used by the Motion Picture Association of America, and first applied to John Milius's "Red Dawn."

Sept. 26: Great Britain agrees to hand over control of Hong Kong to China in 1997.

Oct. 31: India's prime minister Indira Gandhi (1917–1984) is shot and killed by two of her bodyguards, an assassination followed by the four-day long Anti-Sikh Riots in which thousands of Indians are killed.

Nov. 6: President Ronald Reagan is elected to a second term, defeating Democrat Walter Mondale.

Dec. 2–3: A storage tank at the Union Carbide pesticide plant at Bhopal, India springs a leak and spills methyl isocyanate into the surrounding community, killing between 3,000–6,000 people.

Jan. 28: The R&B single written by Michael Jackson and Lionel Richie called "We Are The World" is recorded by more than 45 American singers it will go on to raise $75 million to feed people in Africa.

March 4: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approves the first blood test to detect the virus that causes AIDS.

March 11: Mikhail Gorbachev (born 1931) becomes the new leader of the U.S.S.R., and leads the country in a series of new policies including a more consultative government style of glasnost and the economic and political restructuring of perestroika.

April 23: The Coca-Cola Company introduces "New Coke," a sweeter replacement of the original 99-year-old soda, and it proves a popular failure.

June 14: TWA Flight 847, a flight from Cairo to San Diego, was hijacked by terrorists, who killed one passenger and held others hostage until June 30th.

June 23: Air India Flight 182 is destroyed by a terrorist bomb off the Irish coast. All 329 aboard are killed.

July 3: "Back to the Future," the first of a sci-fi trilogy about teenager Marty McFly and a time-traveling DeLorean, premieres, and will become the highest grossing film of the year.

Sept. 1: While on a Cold War mission to find two wrecked nuclear submarines, U.S. oceanographer Robert Ballard and colleagues find the wreckage of the "Titanic," a luxury liner which sank in 1912.

Oct. 18: The Nintendo Entertainment System debuts in the U.S.

Jan. 28: On the way for its 9th mission to space, the shuttle Challenger explodes over Cape Canaveral, killing all seven astronauts aboard, including the civilian social studies teacher Christa McAuliffe.

Feb. 9: Halley's Comet makes its closest approach to the sun on its 76 year periodic visit to our solar system.

Feb. 20: The Soviet Union launches the Mir space station, the first modular space station that will be assembled in orbit for the next decade.

Feb. 25: Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos is forced into exile after 20 years in office.

March 14: Microsoft goes public with an initial public offering of shares on the New York Stock Exchange.

April 26: The deadliest nuclear power plant accident to date occurred outside the Ukrainian city of Chernobyl, scattering radioactive material across Europe.

May 25: Hands Across America attempts to form a human chain from New York to California to raise money to fight hunger and homelessness.

Sept. 8: The syndicated talk Oprah Winfrey Show airs nationally.

Oct. 28: Following extensive renovations, the Statue of Liberty celebrates its centennial.

Nov. 3: A transport ship carrying 50,000 assault rifles is shot down over Nicaragua, the first alert to the American public of the Iran-Contra arms deal. The ensuing scandal will continue for next two years.

Jan. 8: The Dow Jones industrial average closes over 2,000 for the first time in its history., and it will continued to set new records for the next 10 months.

Jan. 20: Terry Waite, a special envoy for the Anglican Church, is kidnapped in Beirut, Lebanon. He will be held until 1991.

Feb. 16: The Dow Jones, the second largest U.S. market index, hits 200 on

March 9: U2 releases its "Joshua Tree" album.

May 11: The jury trial of Nikolaus "Klaus" Barbie (1913–1991), the Nazi "Butcher of Lyon," begins in Lyon, France.

May 12: "Dirty Dancing," director Emele Ardolino's nostalgic return to the 1960s Catskill resorts, premieres at the Cannes Film Festival, and is released in the U.S. on August 21.

May 28: Teen-aged German aviator Mathias Rust (b. 1968) makes headlines for making an illegal landing in Red Square, Moscow.

June 12: President Ronald Reagan visits West Berlin and challenges leader Mikhail Gorbachev to "tear down this wall," the Berlin Wall which had divided the city since 1961.

July 15: Taiwan ends 38 years of martial law.

Aug. 17: Former Nazi Rudolf Hess commits suicide in his prison cell in Berlin.

Oct.12: British pop singer George Michael releases "Faith," his debut solo studio album.

Oct.19: On what will come to be called "Black Monday," the Dow Jones experiences a sudden and largely unexpected drop of 22.6%.

Sept. 28: the first episode of "Star Trek: The Next Generation," the second sequel to the original series, airs on independent stations throughout the U.S.

Feb. 18: Anthony Kennedy (born 1937 and a Reagan nominee) is sworn in as Associated Justice to the Supreme Court.

May 15: Soviet Troops begin pulling out of Afghanistan after nine years of armed conflict.

July 3: The USS Vincennes shoots down the passenger plane Iran Airlines Flight 655, mistaking it for a F-14 Tomcat and killing all 290 aboard.

Aug. 11: Osama bin Laden (1957–2011) forms Al Qaeda.

Aug. 22: After 8 years and more than 1 million dead, the Iran-Iraq War ends when Iran accepts a U.N.-brokered ceasefire.

Oct. 9: Andrew Lloyd Webber's "The Phantom of the Opera" opens on Broadway, with Michael Crawford in the title role

Nov. 8: George H. W. Bush (1924–2018) bests the Democratic challenger Michael Dukakis (born 1933) to become the 41st president, the third straight victory for the Republican party.

Dec. 1: The first annual World AIDS Day is held.

Dec. 21: Pan Am flight 103 explodes over Lockerbie, Scotland killing all 259 on-board and 11 people on the ground, the result of a terrorist bombing attributed to Libyans.

Jan. 7: Japanese Emperor Hirohito dies, ending a 62-year reign.

Jan. 20: George H. W. Bush is inaugurated as president.

March 24: The Exxon Valdez oil taker runs aground in Alaska’s Prince William Sound, tainting hundreds of miles of Alaskan coastline.

April 18: Students march through Beijing to Tienanmen Square calling for a more democratic government.

June 4: After months of peaceful but increasing protests, Chinese troops fire on civilians and students in Tienanmen Square, killing an unknown number of people and ending the demonstrations.

Aug. 10: General Colin Powell is nominated to head the Joint Chiefs of Staff, becoming the first African-American to hold that position.

Aug. 14: The Sega Genesis is released in the U.S.

Nov. 9: The Berlin Wall falls, after an announcement by the East German government that the border checkpoints were open. The impromptu celebration was televised around the world.


Sports in 1980

Baseball was great in 1980, the never say never attitude, “Wait ’til next year,” really, truly paid off. The Philadelphia Phillies, who hadn’t even won a pennant since 1950, won the World Series for the first time.

In 1980, Philadelphia Phillies pitcher Steve Carlton won the NL Cy Young Award, with a 24-9 record, 3.11 ERA, and 286 strikeouts.

The winner of the AL Cy Young was 10-year veteran Steve Stone, who had a 25-7 record, 3.23 ERA, and 149 strikeouts.

MVP awards went to George Brett of the Royals (AL), and Mike Schmidt of the Phillies (NL). Both of these MVPs were future Hall of Fame members.

Four men were inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1980: RF Al Kaline, RF Chuck Klein, CF Duke Snider, and Executive Tom Yawkey.

BASKETBALL (AMATEUR)

1980 was a year of many different #1 teams. Kentucky, preseason favorites, were upset in their first game. Indiana was then #1 until their star forward, Mike Woodson, got hurt. Duke was #1 until after Christmas, when they were upset. Then DePaul was first, until they lost in the 2nd round of the playoffs.

In the finals, underdogs UCLA played against Louisville. UCLA had been the 2nd to last team invited, yet blew their way through their opponents. Louisville, on the other hand, won the Metro Seven Conference title, and played their way to the Final. UCLA did quite well during most of the game, but later made too many mistakes. In the final 32 seconds, Louisville went on a rally, scoring 9 unanswered points, winning the NCAA Championship game.

BASKETBALL (PROFESSIONAL)

In an exciting finish to the season, the Los Angeles Lakers won the Championship Finals in 6 games. Their opponents, the Philadelphia 76ers, had beaten the Celtics, who were best in the league.

Kareem Abdul-Jabbar was hurt in the fifth game, spraining his ankle after scoring 40 points. His replacement for game six was Earvin “Magic” Johnson, a star rookie.

Johnson, who was smaller, younger, and weaker than the 76ers center Darryl Dawkins, was not expected to play very well. But play he did, scoring 42 points, 15 rebounds, and 7 assists. Just a rookie, Magic Johnson had led his team to victory in the final game, and was named the playoff MVP.

1980 was a year for young talent. Magic was great, but didn’t win the Rookie of the Year Award. That went to the Boston Celtics’ Larry Bird.

Inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1980 were Jerry West, Oscar P. Robertson, and Jerry R. Lucas.

Muhammad Ali came back to boxing for one last bout in 1980, at age 38. Ali, knocked out for the first time, was beaten by Larry Holmes, and proved that Ali was no longer “the greatest.”

The heavyweight title was decided in two fights, with three contenders. First, undefeated John Tate was mere seconds away from the title when he was knocked out by Mike Weaver. Next, Mike Weaver was challenged by Gerrie Coetzee of South Africa. Weaver knocked out Coetzee in 13 rounds, and was declared heavyweight champion of the World.

The welterweight title went to Roberto Duran, after beating an undefeated “Sugar Ray” Leonard. In the first fight of two, Duran beat Leonard in a classic fight. In the rematch, Leonard and Duran went eight rounds, but Duran quit, complaining of stomach cramps.

FOOTBALL (AMATEUR)

The Heisman Award went to George Rogers of the South Carolina Gamecocks.

By the end of the season, the Georgia Bulldogs were declared the #1 team by the AP Poll. They went on to win the Sugar Bowl 17-10 against #7 Notre Dame.

#2 Florida State lost to #4 Oklahoma in the Orange Bowl, 18-17.

In the Rose Bowl, #5 Michigan overcame #16 Washington, 23-6.

The Cotton Bowl saw the defeat of #6 Baylor vs. #9 Alabama, 30-2.

In the Gator Bowl, #3 Pittsburgh trumped #18 South Carolina, 37-9.

Pre-season favorite OSU, now #11, lost to #10 Penn State, 31-19.

#8 Nebraska topped #17 Mississippi in the Sun Bowl, 31-17.

FOOTBALL (PROFESSIONAL)

To make it to Super Bowl XV, the Raiders had to play in multiple playoff games, first against the Cleveland Browns. They won that game on a final play by the Browns, now known as Red Right 88. The Raiders intercepted the Browns pass in the end zone to win the game.

The Raiders also won the AFC Championship game against the San Diego Chargers, 34-27.

In the NFC, the Dallas Cowboys won the Wild Card playoff game, and won against Atlanta in the Divisional Playoffs. Philadelphia ended Minnesota’s season in the Divisional Playoffs, 31-16.

In the NFC Championship, Philadelphia held Dallas to 7 points, defeating them, 20-7.

In an exciting end to the season, the Wild Card Oakland Raiders defeated the Phiadelphia Eagles in Super Bowl XV, 27-10.

SUMMER OLYMPICS

The 1980 Summer Olympics, hosted by the Soviet Union in Moscow, were boycotted by many athletes and their countries. Led by Jimmy Carter and the U.S., sixty-five countries refused to participate in protest of Russia’s invasion of Afghanistan. As a result, only 80 countries participated.

However, the Games weren’t necessarily boring. More records were broken in 1980 than the previous Summer Olympics in Montreal. Over 100 records were broken in all including 36 World records, 39 European records and 74 Olympic records.

In the end, the top 3 countries scored as following: #1 (Host) Soviet Union with 80 Gold medals, 69 Silver medals, and 46 Bronze medals #2 East Germany with 47 Gold medals, 37 Silver medals, and 42 Bronze medals #3 Bulgaria with 8 Gold medals, 16 Silver medals, and 17 Bronze medals.

WINTER OLYMPICS

The 1980 Winter Olympics, hosted by the United States in Lake Placid, New York, were attended by 37 countries around the world. Even though Jimmy Carter had boycotted the Summer Olympics, the Soviet Union and Communist countries still attended the Winter Games.

In the U.S. highlight of the Games, the U.S. Hockey team beat the Soviet Union in an unprecedented victory. Now known as the “Miracle On Ice”, the U.S. scored the winning goal in the medal round with just five seconds left, 4-3.

U.S. speed skater Eric Heiden won all five of the available Gold medals in speedskating. To this day, Heiden is the only Winter Olympian to win 5 Gold medals in one Games.

At the conclusion of these Games, the top 3 countries scored as following: #1 Soviet Union with 10 Gold medals, 6 Silver medals, and 6 Bronze medals #2 East Germany 9 Gold medals, 7 Silver medals, and 7 Bronze medals #3 United States with 6 Gold medals, 4 Silver medals, and 2 Bronze medals.


The 1980s: Popular Culture

In some respects, the popular culture of the 1980s reflected the era&aposs political conservatism. For many people, the symbol of the decade was the "yuppie": a baby boomer with a college education, a well-paying job and expensive taste. Many people derided yuppies for being self-centered and materialistic, and surveys of young urban professionals across the country showed that they were, indeed, more concerned with making money and buying consumer goods than their parents and grandparents had been. However, in some ways yuppiedom was less shallow and superficial than it appeared. Popular television shows like “thirtysomething” and movies like “The Big Chill” and 𠇋right Lights, Big City” depicted a generation of young men and women who were plagued with anxiety and self-doubt. They were successful, but they weren&apost sure they were happy.

At the movie theater, the 1980s was the age of the blockbuster. Movies like 𠇎.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial,” “Return of the Jedi,” “Raiders of the Lost Ark” and �verly Hills Cop” appealed to moviegoers of all ages and made hundreds of millions of dollars at the box office. The 1980s was also the heyday of the teen movie. Films like “The Breakfast Club,” “Some Kind of Wonderful” and “Pretty in Pink” are still popular today.

At home, people watched family sitcoms like “The Cosby Show,” �mily Ties,” “Roseanne” and “Married. with Children.” They also rented movies to watch on their new VCRs. By the end of the 1980s, 60 percent of American television owners got cable service𠄺nd the most revolutionary cable network of all was MTV, which made its debut on August 1, 1981. The music videos the network played made stars out of bands like Duran Duran and Culture Club and made megastars out of artists like Michael Jackson (1958-2009), whose elaborate "Thriller" video helped sell 600,000 albums in the five days after its first broadcast. MTV also influenced fashion: People across the country (and around the world) did their best to copy the hairstyles and fashions they saw in music videos. In this way, artists like Madonna (1958-) became (and remain) fashion icons.

As the decade wore on, MTV also became a forum for those who went against the grain or were left out of the yuppie ideal. Rap artists such as Public Enemy channeled the frustration of urban African Americans into their powerful album “It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back.” Heavy metal acts such as Metallica and Guns N’ Roses also captured the sense of malaise among young people, particularly young men. Even as Reagan maintained his popularity, popular culture continued to be an arena for dissatisfaction and debate throughout the 1980s.


Kailash Satyarthi

Kailash Satyarthi was born in the Vidisha district of Madhya Pradesh in India. After completing an electrical engineering degree, he worked as a teacher in the area. In 1980, he left teaching and founded the organization Bachpan Bachao Andolan, which has freed thousands of children from slave-like conditions. He has also been active in a wide range of other organizations working against child labor and for children's rights to education. Kailash Satyarthi is married and has a son and a daughter.

Much of the world's population, especially in poor countries, is made up of children and young people. To achieve a peaceful world, it is crucial that the rights of children and young people be respected. Following the tradition of Mahatma Gandhi, Indian activist Kailash Satyarthi has waged a peaceful struggle to stop children being exploited as labor instead of attending school. He has also contributed to the development of international conventions on the rights of children.

To cite this section
MLA style: Kailash Satyarthi – Facts. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2021. Fri. 18 Jun 2021. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/2014/satyarthi/facts/>

Learn more

Nobel Prizes 2020

Twelve laureates were awarded a Nobel Prize in 2020, for achievements that have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind.

Their work and discoveries range from the formation of black holes and genetic scissors to efforts to combat hunger and develop new auction formats.


Sporting Highlights for 1980

Here are some of the sporting highlights in the world of sport for 1980. The major events of this year in sport were the Summer and Winter Olympic Games.

It was the year of the Olympics and it is most notable for the boycott of the United States. The ex-Soviet Union would do the same, boycotting the following Olympics in Los Angeles. In the Winter Olympics, the United States hockey team's gold medal win stands out as the most memorable event. The game against the ex-Soviet Union, was termed as "Miracle on Ice", and still stands dear to many Americans. The other most notable achievement was also by an American, Eric Heiden, who won all five speedskating races. He, to this date remains as the only skater to have won five gold medals in the Winter Olympics.

Rosie Ruiz, can easily be called the best cheat of all-time. She was initially declared as the winner on the Boston marathon in the fastest time ever by a women. Investigations found that she did not run the entire course, and her win was disqualified eight days later. There are several theories about how she found herself on the finish line, but to this date, Rosie maintains that she really completed the race.

Bjorn Borg won both the French Open and the Wimbledon for the third straight time. John McEnroe defended his US Open title by defeating Borg in the finals. Chris Evert won the French Open and the Wimbledon for her 10th and 11th grand slam titles.

In the 67th Tour de France, Bernard Hinault was on his way for his third straight win but unfortunately pulled out of the race because of tendinitis. Joop Zoetemelk of Netherlands took home the race that year.

Below is a timeline of some significant results in the world of sport for the year 1980.

Date Results
Feb Super Bowl held in Pasadena won by Pittsburgh
Feb 14-23 Winter Olympic Games were held in Lake Placid, USA
April Golf Masters won by Seve Ballesteros (1st win)
May Tennis French Open won by Bjorn Borg and Chris Evert Lloyd
June Golf US Open won by Jack Nicklaus
July the Cycling Tour de France won by Joop Zoetemelk
July Tennis Wimbledon won by Bjorn Borg and Evonne Cawley
July Golf British Open won by Tom Watson
July 19 - Aug 3 Summer Olympic Games were held in Moscow, USSR
Aug Golf US PGA won by Jack Nicklaus (5)
Sep Tennis US Open won by John McEnroe and Chris Evert Lloyd
Oct The Baseball World Series won by Philadelphia Phillies
Dec Tennis Australia Open won by Brian Teacher and Hana Mandlikova

Please note that the dates for past events are not always known, and are sometimes just placed in the month that the current event is held. If no exact date is listed, then it is just an estimated month that it was held.

If you have a correction or know of events that should be included here, please let me know.


Great 1980s Sports Moments Book

Great 1980s Sports Moments is a sweeping work of nostalgia by one who grew up amidst it. A detailed year-by-year walk through a historic decade in sports will recall both epic moments that still seem like they happened yesterday, as well as those time may have forgot. You’ll read about the following…

There were the generation-defining moments and rivalries that have lived on through the ages…

*The Miracle On Ice moment that kicked the 1980s off at the Winter Olympics. Read how the United States’ men’s hockey team shocked the world and how their victory captivated a nation.

*Larry Bird & Magic Johnson arrived and the NBA would never be the same. Along with Julius “Dr. J” Erving early in the decade and the Bad Boy Detroit Pistons at the end, Bird and Magic shaped professional basketball.

*A dramatic NFC Championship Game between the Dallas Cowboys and San Francisco 49ers proved to be more than just a great football game with a title on the line—it ended up a seminal moment that signaled the rise of one dynasty and the fall of another.

*March Madness came into its own with a series of great national championship games. Read about them all, from the game-winning shots by Michael Jordan and Keith Smart, to the thrilling upsets by N.C. State and Villanova, to the individual greatness of Danny Manning.

*The baseball postseason of 1986. The ALCS and NLCS rounds were both taut battles that left players and fans drained. But the drama was just beginning, with an iconic World Series matchup whose signature moment continues to be replayed in video montages.

*The greatness of Martina Navratilova on the tennis court and her rivalry with Chris Evert Lloyd—especially a special 1985 showdown in the French Open final that lives on as one of tennis’ greatest moments.

*Three historic college football games involving the Miami Hurricanes. Read about their Orange Bowl upset of Nebraska in 1983. Three years later the Hurricanes were on the wrong side of a historic upset, against Penn State in the Fiesta Bowl. The decade ends with their rivalry against Notre Dame and the thrilling “Catholics vs. Convicts” battle of 1988.

*Memorable NFL playoff games, from the Epic In Miami to The Drive & The Fumble.

Great 1980s Sports Moments also includes more under-the-radar moments, whose legacies may not have survived their local area. Younger fans may not have heard of them, fans who lived through them may have forgotten. But they mattered. Moments like these…

*The greatest League Championship Series ever played. It wasn’t in 1986.

*Black Saturday in September of 1981. A series of upsets not only rocked the polls, but they signaled the college football world was changing.

*The best NFL Divisional round of the weekend. It wasn’t one that contained any of the decade’s most historic individual moments. But it provided the most consistent excitement over four games.

*The best NCAA Tournament regional round of the Sweet Sixteen and Elite Eight—not just in this decade, but ever.

*Great baseball pennant races, a forgotten one-game showdown, more World Series memories…and controversies.

*Moments from The Masters and on through golf’s four major tournaments.

*History-making Kentucky Derby wins and a Preakness Stakes that one broadcasting icon called “the greatest horse race I’ve ever seen.”

Great 1980s Sports Moments is a sweeping look at an entire decade, both comprehensive and concise, that is a must-have for the library of any serious reader of books about sports.

WHERE CAN I ORDER?

You can get Great 1980s Sports Moments on Amazon:
*The print version goes for $14.95
*The e-book is $11.95
*An audio version is available for Audible subscribers.

THE ERA: 1978-88 IN MLB, CFB & NFL

Go deep into the heart of the 1978-88 era in baseball, college football and the NFL. TheSportsNotebook has individual articles on the most consequential teams from that time period, from their key players to their season-defining moments. Click the images below to be taken into the library and back to another era.


Mayo Clinic History & Heritage

"My Brother and I" bronze figures, Rochester, Minn.

President Franklin D. Roosevelt with the Mayo brothers, 1934

Mayo Clinic ambulance at the Colonial Hospital, 1915

1950 Nobel Prize for discovering cortisone

Vintage tools and plans for our 1922 hospital expansion

Mayo Clinic switchboard, circa 1950


Watch the video: Top10 Πιο Σημαντικές Στιγμές Και Γεγονότα Στην Ιστορία


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